Rum is a liquor distilled from sugarcane and molasses. Rum is naturally clear, but it takes on a darker color if it is aged in oak barrels. Most rum comes from the Caribbean and the West Indes, with slight differences in flavor depending on where it is produced, and it gained popularity among sailors because it was given as a ration after being infused with lemon or lime juice, to prevent scurvy. Although they seem similar, rum is different from the Brazilian Cachaca, which is made from sugarcane, but not molasses.
Kinds of Rum
Light Rum, also known as silver or white rum, is clear with mild flavors. It is usually used to mix cocktails.
Spiced Rum is dark in color and usually has added fruits, color, or spice. Spiced rums can be either light or dark in color.
Dark Rum is the darkest because it is aged longest in oak barrels. If the barrels are charred, their burnt flavors are absorbed into the rum, which then becomes full-bodied and rich.
Flavored Rum has fruits infused in it. These rums are great for tropical cocktails.
Overproof Rum has a higher level of alcohol/volume than usual, sometimes as high as 60%.
Darker rums are used frequently in cooking to make desserts like Bananas Foster and fruitcakes.
Generally, rum from Jamaica is aromatic and rich, while rum from Puerto Rico is light and dry.